At all variety of a collection of a museumе the basis is made by art of Uzbekistan.
Uzbekistan — the ancient center of the world civilization, arisen in fertile flood plains of the Central Asian Entre Rios. The most valuable exhibits of ancient and early medieval art of Uzbekistan are presented to exposition.
Magnificent examples of early Kushan plasticity are presented by the clay sculpture decorating in the I century BC a castle on the ancient settlement of Halchayan in the Surkhan-Darya area. These works testify great skills of the local sculptors familiar with traditions of the Hellenistic art.
During the early medieval period Samarkand, Bukhara, the cities of Fergana, Chach and Tokharistan become the large centers of a city civilization also.
Fragments of a ganch decor of the VII-VIII centuries AD from the palace of the former Bukhara governors to Varakhsh’s district of Bukhara area with the image of plants, animals and scenes of hunting reflect the secular direction in early medieval art.
From VIII century in the territory of Uzbekistan the wide circulation is gained by irrigation ceramics.
Decor fragments are widely presented to exposition of a museum in the form of facings from a carved irrigation terracotta, a mosaic, a majolica, monuments of architecture of the XIII-XVIII centuries used in decoration. Among them a mosaic panel from Ulugbek’s Samarkand madrasah (XV century), mosaic lattices-pandzhara from Gazayan’s Bukhara mosque (XVI century), majolic panels, decorating a Bukhara mosque Bazari Gusfand (the beginning of the XVII century).
Numerous scientific expeditions to various regions of Uzbekistan allowed to collect absolutely unique collections of an architectural decor, embroideries, copper and stamping products, attributes of calligraphical art and its samples – hand-written books, calligraphical inscriptions, etc. More than a half of exhibits of a museum falls to the share of a collection of traditional arts and crafts. It includes meetings of a carved and painted tree, ganch, art ceramics, stamping on copper, jeweler art, carpets, fabrics, an embroidery, gold sewing and models of calligraphical art.